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The three main movements about how a lathe works

Turning is probably the first machining operation that resulted in a machine tool, the lathe, which main movement is the rotation one. This allows the machine to mould and shape solid parts such as cylinders, cones and propellers, and it is also used for smoothing, for making slots in parts, for cutting or sanding.

Basic movements of a lathe

The operation of the lathe is very easy, as the piece to be mechanized turns on its own shaft carrying out a rotary movement, commonly known as a Working Movement, being the cutting tool the one that moves to the piece. Therefore, there are three basic movements:

  • Rotation movement: The part to be mechanized is placed on a rotating shaft, making it rotates around itself.
  • Advanced movement: The tool moves parallel to the piece, making a straight movement that defines the machining contour.
  • Penetration movement: The tool cuts part of the piece when penetrating in it, and determines the depth of the cut.

In our stock of machine-tools you will also find CNC lathes.